Varicose Veins

Vein disease is chronic and progressive, and if left untreated can lead to pain, swelling, itching, skin changes, and even non-healing sores.

A healthy venous system lets blood flow efficiently from your leg veins back to your heart. The superficial veins that return the blood to the heart are known as the Great and Small Saphenous veins. As the valves in these veins become dysfunctional, the blood doesn’t move up, but flows back down toward your feet. This reverse flow is known as reflux. The increase in the pressure from the reverse flow in the saphenous veins leads to increased pressure in the skin veins.

This increased pressure then causes the walls of the skin veins to become weak and thin, causing the veins to bulge. The reflux in the saphenous vein(s) causes Varicose veins which are dark purple and blue in color and may appear twisted and bulging- like cords.  They are most often found on the backs of the calves or on the inside of the leg, anywhere from your groin to your feet. There are three main causes to venous disease: heredity, pregnancy, and prolonged sitting or standing.

Causes of Varicose Veins

Varicose veins develop slowly and often take years to become a problem. People develop varicose veins due to:

  • Genetics: Most varicose veins result from a genetic tendency for weak vein walls.
  • Injury: Some varicose veins result from a previous injury to the affected area.
  • Blood clots: Some varicose veins develop in people who have problems with blood clots in their veins.
  • Age: Normal aging may cause valves in the superficial veins to weaken and not work as well.
  • Gender: Women are twice as likely to develop varicose veins compared to men. Up to half of American women have varicose veins. Changes in hormones due to puberty, pregnancy, menopause, or taking birth control pills may increase a woman’s risk of developing varicose veins.
  • Pregnancy: During pregnancy, the growth of the fetus increases the pressure on the veins in the legs. Varicose veins that occur during pregnancy usually improve within 3 to 12 months following delivery, but may progress with multiple pregnancies.
  • Overweight: Having extra weight on the body can put additional pressure on the leg veins.
    Prolonged standing or sitting. Occupations requiring prolonged standing or sitting with limited activity, the veins have to work harder to pump the blood up to the heart.

Treatment Options for Varicose Veins

  • Endovenous Laser Ablation
  • Microphlebectomy
  • Sclerotherapy Treatment
  • Surgical Treatment


To make an appointment, call us at: (434) 654-1700